Goa: For the Makadmare tribe, a roof and electricity remain distant dreams

On April 23 last year, Gopal Pawar, along with 39 other Makadmare (Wanarmare) tribals from Nirankal, near Bethora, Ponda, cast his vote for the simultaneous election of South Goa Lok Sabha seat and the Shiroda assembly constituency. Before exercising his franchise, Gopal had just one prayer to whichever candidates cared to lend him an ear — “a roof over our heads, and an electricity connection to help our kids study at night”.